All 30 Eureka! videos, in June 2014, are at http://www.animatedscience.co.uk/flv/animated_science_player.swf
They comprise six units, or stories. Each story is told in a series of 4.5 minute-long cartoons (programs). They are entertaining and humorous; and helpful in remembering terminology because they explain origins of words.
The videos can reinforce concepts. However, barriers to learning are that heat and work are defined as nouns, rather than verbs (i.e., heating and working). Systems are not mentioned, unfortunately. Thus misconceptions can arise.
What is the best way to solve this problem -- give your students a handout with appropriate definitions of these terms? Be careful how and when you use the videos. Consider using them only as reviews, and have students critique them
Crucial reading before you use the physics videos is the paper called
MAKING WORK WORK, by Gregg Swackhamer.
You can download it at http://modeling.asu.edu/modeling-HS.html
Gregg points out that work is an amount of energy that flows into or out of a system. It is a process, a type of energy transfer that should be called working.
An essential resource on energy is:
COGNITIVE RESOURCES FOR UNDERSTANDING ENERGY, by Gregg Swackhamer,
Download at http://modeling.asu.edu/Projects-Resources.html.
On page 10 Gregg summarizes the 'stuff' metaphor of energy, which is close to the scientific energy concept (as opposed to the conventional school science concept of energy). I quote him:
Three statements about energy can guide the development of the energy concept in our students:
1. As an attribute, energy is viewed as a possession that can be “stored” or “contained” in a “container,” namely, a physical system.
2. Energy can “flow” or be “transferred” from one container to another and so cause changes.
3. Energy maintains its identity after being transferred.
In essence, then, we can think of energy in terms of a “stuff” metaphor.
Other important articles are (at http://modeling.asu.edu/Projects-Resources.html ) :
DIMENSIONS OF ENERGY, by Gregg Swackhamer
TEMPERATURE, HEATING, AND THERMAL ENERGY, by Patricia Westphal
FINANCIAL ASSET MODEL OF ENERGY, by Patricia Westphal
(in the 9th grade physics section)
CONCERNING SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE ABOUT HEAT, by David Brookes, G. Horton, A. Van Heuvelen, E. Etkina. Proceedings of the 2004 Physics Education Research Conference, AIP, Melville, NY (2005).
Eureka! 30 videos
Eureka! On MATTER AND ENERGY
STATES OF MATTER / HEAT AND TEMPERATURE (a 6-program unit)
Comments: This unit is a favorite in Modeling Instruction in chemistry and physical science. Warning: it can be confusing in that heat is used as a NOUN, rather than as a verb, i.e., "heating". The term 'thermal energy' should be used in #21, rather than 'heat'. – Jane Jackson
16. Molecules in solids
17. Molecules in liquids
18: Evaporation and condensation
19: Expansion and contraction
20. Measuring temperature
21: Temperature vs Heat
WHAT MOLECULES ARE MADE OF (a 3-program unit)
DENSITY AND BUOYANCY (a 3-program unit)
25: Volume and density
RADIATION (a 3-program unit. Confusing because it uses heat as a NOUN. I would NOT show #28. It should use 'thermal energy' rather than 'heat'. )
28: Heat as energy
29. Radiation waves
30. The radiation spectrum
Viewers learn that the waves of heat energy radiated by the sun come in many forms, which together make a band, or spectrum, of energy waves.
Eureka! on FORCE AND MOTION
Comments: Video #8 is confusing because it defines work as a NOUN. Videos #9 and #10 can cause confusion, too, because SYSTEMS are not discussed. Potential energy can only be defined for a system of multiple objects, never for one object alone. I would not use these videos with students, except to have them critique the videos after they understand that “work” is a process (and should be called working); and after they understand the importance of designating the system that energy is stored in or transferred into or out of. – Jane Jackson
NEWTONIAN MECHANICS (a 10-program unit)
4. Acceleration 1
5. Acceleration 2
7: Weight vs mass
9: Kinetic energy
10. Potential energy
SIMPLE MACHINES (a 5-program unit)
11. The inclined plane
12. The lever
13. Mechanical advantage
14. The screw and the wheel
15. The pulley